Zweite Analyse: Kollokationen und Gemeinschaft

Hier ist die zweite Analyse, die ich mit meinen Daten durchgeführt habe. Ich habe mich dieses Mal tiefer in die Abgründe statistischen Denkens begeben und mich um Kollokationen gekümmtert – die statistischen Koexistenzen von Wörtern und ihre statistisch signifikaten Ausreißer. Die folgenden Abschnitte stammen aus dem vorbereitenden Studienprojekt, welches ich jetzt fertig habe.

The following table is also based on the collocates from the concordance table above. I extracted all terms form the list that indicated informal and formal, organised groupings of homosexual people and expanded it with some similar terms (since men and males showed up in the concordance list, I added women and females) or plural forms (cliques analogue to clique).


gay term homosexual
L 98, R 0, Stat 8.83 activists L 16, R 4, Stat 6.83951
L 0, R 0 clique L 3, R 0, Stat 8.80299
L 0, R 0 cliques L 0, R 0
L 282, R 4, Stat 7.92 community L 82, R 3, Stat 6.47513
L 3, R 0, Stat 5.09 communities L 8, R 0, Stat 6.80863
L 0, R 0 females L 0, R 0
L 26, R 10, Stat 4.37 group L 19, R 5, Stat 4.08788
L 101, R 11, Stat 6.44 groups L 52, R 24, Stat 6.19099
L 200, R 15, Stat 6.50 men L 306, R 4, Stat 7.35006
L 4, R 1, Stat 5.08 males L 28, R 0, 7.787563
L 30, R 3, Stat 6.36 movement L 6, R 1, Stat 4.43292
L 0 R 0 movements L 0, R 0
L 25 R 4, Stat 5.72 organisation L 2, R 1, Stat 2.75314
L 55, R 4, Stat 7.60 organisations L 9, R 0, Stat 5.19319
L 115, R 15, Stat 4.44 people L 6, R 3, Stat 0.89359
L 15, R 2, Stat 4.51 students L 8, R 0, Stat 3.81076
L 0, R 5, Stat 4.26 teachers L 1, R 8, Stat 3.98
L 13, R 20, Stat 3.81 women L 10, R 19, Stat 3.93


Several interesting points for deeper analyses can be extracted from this table. Why is there mention of a homosexual clique, but not a gay clique? Why is gay community more frequent and likely than homosexual community, and what are the differences between those two variants? Are homosexual men and homosexual males used more widely because they indicate an informal group in contrast to the seemingly more organised and formal gay activists, the gay movement, or gay organization(s)?


For the purpose of this pilot study, I want to take a closer look to one of these questions and look at possible differences between gay community and homosexual community. Significant collocates of gay community were galvanized (Freq: L 4, R 0, Stat: ~8.60),) and liaison (Freq: L 5, R 1, Stat: ~7.55). For homosexual community, there were no real significant collocates, but the top of the list were incidence (Freq: L 2, R 2, Stat: ~5.98), politically (Freq: L 3, R 0, Stat: ~5.02), active (Freq: L 5, R 0, Stat: ~4.25), and representatives (Freq: L 3, R 0, Stat: ~4.24).

The uses of the term galvanized indicate instances where gay persons in their entirety are emotionally moved and affected and suggest that all of them began to take certain actions. When Hollywood movie star Rock Hudson made public that he had contracted AIDS, this “revelation of a celebrity as an AIDS sufferer has also galvanized the gay community, where AIDS is of intense concern”. The ‘galvanization’, in this case, is expressed by gay magazine editor Lenny Giteck, who on the one hand criticises that the illness of one Hollywood celebrity received more attention than that of thousands of non-famous people, while on the other hand this might mean “increased funding [for] AIDS research”[1]. This galvanization is specified again when Rock Hudson’s death was announced, repeating the notion that “that disclosure [Rock Hudson’s announcement of having contracted AIDS] catapulted AIDS into the public limelight (…) that one act probably did more than anything to date in terms of focusing attention on AIDS”[2] In another case, a proposed bill that barred D.C. based insurance companies from charging increased policies for District citizens tested positive for the (then not conclusively proven) AIDS virus was lobbied against by health and life insurance companies. When these companies published print, radio and newspaper advertisements urging voters to contact their council members and convince them to oppose the bill, this “galvanized the local gay community”, causing council members to receive numerous calls by gay activist group members and their supporters voicing support for the bill.[3] This wording indicates that the group entitled gay community was homogenous enough to react similarly to certain events and challenges.


The term liaison indicates a semi-official political connection or status of representation. For example, an electoral campaign group included a “gay community liaison”[4], police departments had a “liaison with the gay community”[5], or there might be “an informal mayor’s liaison to the gay community”[6], while Republican party found in unnecessary to have a “special unit within the party to act as a liaison with the gay community”[7]. These instances all suggest that the gay community was as a social institution that could be interacted with, effectively sending ambassadors there that would serve as a node between police or politicians and the group of homosexual persons.


For homosexual community, the term incidence pointed towards the high number of homosexual AIDS sufferers[8]. While the Gay and Lesbian Pride Day in Washington was described as a “festival of parading, picnicking and politicking for Washington’s active homosexual community”, the community itself was credited for its “struggle for civil rights”.[9] The homosexual community was also described as both “politically potent” [10] and “politically active”[11] in supporting a recall election petition in San Francisco. On the other hand, the homosexual community of Montgomery County was described as taking a quiet approach to changing county laws to include homosexuals as being protected from discrimination, effectively being called “never very vocal or politically active”.[12] The homosexual community also appeared to have “representatives” interacting with institutions such as the Public Health Service, the American Red Cross[13] or political bodies and offices.[14] These instances, however, construct the homosexual community as a decidedly political grouping, a union of people with specific political aims in clearly delineated public procedures.


These findings suggest that while the gay community is more amorphous and politically inactive than the homosexual community, with the latter having clearer political aims and sending representatives, while the former has liaisons sent to them. For my thesis, it would be very interesting to cross-check this with my impression that gay activists was much more prevalent than homosexual activists.

[1] Hall, Carla, and Sandy Rovner. “Rock Hudson Being Treated for AIDS.” Washington Post 26 Jul. 1985: A1. Print.

[2] Hall, Carla. Washington Post 3 Oct. 1985: A1. Print.

[3] Evans, Sandra. “AIDS Insurance Bill Heavily Lobbied Here.” Washington Post 13 May. 1986: B1. Print.

[4] Williams, Juan. “Gay Political Activists Form New Democratic Club.” Washington Post 18 Jun. 1982: B6. Print.

[5] Washington Post 22 Mar. 1984. Print; similar in: Washington Post 6 Nov 1984. Print.

[6] Gorney, Cynthia. Washington Post 4 Oct. 1985: E1. Print.

[7] Washington Post 19 May 1984. Print.

[8] Specter, Michael, and Margaret Engel. Washington Post 4 Nov. 1985: D4. Print; also, Mathews, Jay. Washington Post 26 Oct. 1986: A9. Print.

[9] Perl, Peter. “15,000 Parade, Picnic and Politick on Gay Pride Day.“ Washington Post 21 Jun. 1982: B1. Print.

[10] Washington Post 22 Jan. 1983. Print.

[11] Washington Post 19. Apr. 1983. Print.

[12] Washington Post 27 Jul. 1983. Print.

[13] Washington Post 17 Mar. 1983. Print

[14] Washington Post 22 Sep. 1983. Print.